By: Qasim Mehmood

 

China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), however imagined almost a decade before, dignified into an agreement in 2014 is a project which would at first advance inter-connectedness amongst China and Pakistan, yet has the arrangements and possibilities for provincial joining inside South Asia and ranges of Central and West Asia.
According to the British geographer, Halford John Mackinder, who discussed the, heartlands and geographic rotates in his renowned article, “The Geographical Pivot of History,” Pakistani geopolitical position fits into the meaning of geographic turn, connecting different regions of Asia, politically, strategically and also economically.

Significance of CPEC

The CPEC is expected not just to make warm waters accessible to China but the briefest vitality supply course from Africa and the Middle East however to likewise expand exchange and collaboration, consequently revising Pakistan as a vitality entrance between South Asia, China and Central Asia.

The Gwadar port ultimately will offer China a section point into the Arabian Gulf and therefore enlarge its geopolitical impact. The CPEC and in addition the new Silk Road will likewise turn into a motor of monetary development for China’s immature western regions, including Xinjiang, by opening their business sectors to worldwide rivalry, and help them come to standard with China’s created beach front urban areas and territories.
Pakistan and China, amid the most recent quite a few years, have fabricated an exhaustive, key association in view of shared trust, common regard, and common advantage.
They are “Press Brothers” and now they are raising this association to another high, by huge advancement of infrastructure, like streets, railroads, media communications, real vitality tasks to create different type of vitality, from coal, wind, sun oriented, oil, gas, hydro and atomic, likewise by setting up Especial Economic Zones, or Industrial Parks. Pakistan will be a passageway of security and advance.

Every analyst in Pakistan says that CPEC is going to be a game changer but very few tell us through comparative analysis that what is really going to change the game, be it economic or strategic. The three routes which have been marked in CPEC are
1. Western route originating from Gwadar will pass through Turbat, Panjgur, Naag, Basima, Sohrab, Kalat, Quetta, Qila Saifullah, Zhob DIK, Mianwali, Hasanabdal, Isbd.
2. Central route will originate from Gwadar, Quetta, and reach DIK via Basima, Khuzdar, Sukkar, Rajanpur, Liya, Muzaffargarh, Bhakkar, DI Khan.
3. Eastern route will include Gwadar, Basima, Khuzdar, Sukkar, RYK, Bwp, Multan, Lahore/Faisalabad, Isbd, Mansehra.

Economic Boost for Pakistan

“Pakistan is the second largest trading partner of China in South Asia; the trade volume stands at US $ 19 billion. According to data released by the State Bank of Pakistan, the country received US $ 975.4 million as foreign direct investment (FDI) during July-March 2015/16 as compared to the US $ 832.2 million in the corresponding period of last fiscal year. The FDI from China grew by 167 percent to US $ 516 million during July-March 2015/16 as compared to the US $ 193.3 million in the corresponding period of the last fiscal year. The CPEC would pass through all the four provinces as well as Gilgit-Baltistan. Balochistan and KPK’s backward areas would be developed. Balochistan is rich in mineral resources (estimated stock of 200 million tons of iron and 217 million tons of coal, Saindak gold and copper mines contain reserves up to 412 million tons of copper and gold, Reko Dik 5.9 billion tons of copper and gold). The mining sector would flourish. It would contribute towards reducing unemployment in local areas; strengthening micro, medium and small sized industries, thus, benefiting the local population.”

CPEC & Pakistan Isolation

Few analysts believe that due to India diplomatic offensive, Pakistan is going to be isolated in international arena and this would make it vulnerable to threats, terrorism and many other small and big issues. Reality speaks something else; CPEC which starts from Gawadar and ends at Kashghar may not exactly end over there, One Belt & One Route formula given by the Chinese President which focuses on connectivity between China and Eurasia, Pakistan can also take benefit from that. So CPEC that starts from Gawadar will connect Central Asia and Europe through silk route which will let Pakistan make new trade relations with Central Asia and Europe, by using the potential markets Pakistan will get economic boost which may leave many neighboring rivals behind.

shared trust, common regard, and common advantage.
They are “Press Brothers” and now they are raising this association to another high, by huge advancement of infrastructure, like streets, railroads, media communications, real vitality tasks to create different type of vitality, from coal, wind, sun oriented, oil, gas, hydro and atomic, likewise by setting up Especial Economic Zones, or Industrial Parks. Pakistan will be a passageway of security and advance.

 

Note: The writer is a student of International relations in National Defence University Islamabad.